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 Relief News
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Swiss call time on Lebanon relief operations
Posted on: 7/20/2007 11:19:00 AM

Image caption: Swiss relief efforts focused on the restoration of water supplies, medical assistance, repairing schools and clean-up operations (Keystone) 

 

Switzerland is ending its emergency relief operations in Lebanon a year after fighting between Israel and Hezbollah militants left hundreds dead and a million homeless.

 

Aid officials say around 120,000 people have benefited from projects put in place by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).

 

"We have lent our support wherever it was necessary," said the SDC's Friedrich Steinmann.

 

Steinmann added that although the political situation in Lebanon had deteriorated over the past few months, the Swiss had been able to complete their mission.

 

Shortly after fighting broke out in July last year, the Swiss government released SFr20 million ($16.6 million) to aid victims of the fighting. More than half went to the United Nations and the Geneva-based International Committee of the Red Cross; the rest was used to fund bilateral aid projects.

 

The Lebanese government estimates that the 34-day conflict caused damage to the country estimated at between $3.6 billion and $4.4 billion (SFr4.3-5.3 billion).

 

Swiss relief efforts focused on the restoration of water supplies, medical assistance, repairing schools and clean-up operations along the coastline.

 

Six aid experts were dispatched to the region to work alongside around a dozen SDC staff already on the ground.

 

Financial aid

 

One of the projects run by the Swiss was to provide financial support for civilian victims of the conflict, such as farmers who lost harvests and small businesses.

 

Around SFr2.5 million was paid to the residents of seven villages in southern Lebanon to help them make a fresh start.

 

"We were the only ones in Lebanon who attempted such a project," said Steinmann, who added that controls were put in place to ensure the money was used correctly.

 

The Swiss also helped to repair 60 schools, benefiting 21,000 children, at a cost of around SFr1 million, and contributed to the clean-up of stretches of beach between Tripoli and Enfe polluted by oil spills.

 

Although the SDC has called an end to its emergency relief operations, the two staff members will remain in the Beirut office. Bern is also sending an engineer to help the UN rebuild a refugee camp at Nahr al-Bared that was ravaged during recent fighting between Lebanese troops and Islamist militants.

 

Demining projects

 

The Swiss defense ministry's mine action unit has also wound down its operations in Lebanon.

 

In the immediate aftermath of last year's conflict it sent an initial SFr60,000 of demining equipment to southern Lebanon following a request from the UN.

 

To date the army's mine action unit has dispatched 2,600 explosive charges for the disposal of dud munitions. A further batch of 1,300 is under consideration.

 

A Swiss demining specialist who helped to set up a system for mapping unexploded ordnance has now handed over to Lebanese counterparts.

 

The UN says at least 929 Israeli cluster bomb strikes contaminated an area of 37 square kilometers. Cluster bombs and other unexploded ordnance have killed 30 people and wounded 209 since the war.

 

Deminers have already made safe 122,500 of an estimated one million cluster bomblets and Markus Schefer, head of the Swiss army's mine action unit, says progress has been rapid.

 

"The big difference between cluster munitions and mines is you can see the things on the ground and in trees," he told swissinfo. "It will take a lot of work and a lot of money but it is much easier to remove them."

 

Schefer, like the UN, believes that by the end of the year all "high impact areas", such as roads, towns, farmland and schools will be clear. (Swissinfo with agencies) 



 

2007 Presidency of the Council of Ministers. All Rights Reserved.
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